International Conference on
Global Challenges in Nanomaterials Research for
Environmental and Healthcare Applications

About Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha, is also popularly known as the "Temple City of India". Being the seat of Tribhubaneswar or 'Lord Lingaraj', Bhubaneswar is an important Hindu pilgrimage centre that has a glorious history, art & culture. The archaeological remains at Dhauli, and hills of Udayagiri and Khandagiri give evidence of both Jain and Buddhist settlements around Bhubaneswar. Bhubaneswar is home to many educational institutions including the IIT Bhubaneswar, AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Xavier Institute of Management (XIMB), Institute of Physics, Institute of Mathematics and Applications, Utkal University, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, NISER, IIIT Bhubaneswar, CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Biju Patnaik University of Technology, etc.

Lingaraja Temple was constructed by the King Ananga Bhimadeva III during 11th Century AD. The temple is located in the city of Bhubaneswar honor to Lord Shiva. It is the biggest temple in the city with a height of about 148 fts and its constructions (Kalinga architectural style) are very similar to Lord Jagannath temple in Puri. Bindu Sarovara (a large pond or lake) is situated by the north of the temple where thousands of devotes reach to take a holy bath. You can easily access this temple after reaching Lingaraj Temple Road Railway Station.

Udayagiri Hill is famous as a Jain religious site of ancient history located about 6.5 km away from Bhubaneswar. It has 18 superb caves which were used to live ancient Jain communities from the rule of Kharavela. Some major caves among these are the Cave 1 (Rani Guha or Queen's Cave, most beautiful and biggest), Cave 2 (Chota Hathi Gumpha, or Small Elephant Cave), Cave 5 (Jaya Vijaya Gumpha is notable for a Bodhi tree), Cave 12 (Bagh Gumpha or Tiger cave, its front carved into the shape of a tiger's mouth), Cave 14, Hathi Gumpha or Elephant Cave is a large natural cavern.

Dhauli Giri Hill is situated about 7.8 km away from Bhubaneswar. This hill witnessed of the harsh bloody battle of Kalinga during 261 BC by Ashoka. After that battle Great Ashoka embraced Buddhism and became an ambassador of non violence and he established the Dhauli Hill as a Buddha settlement. The Shanti Stupa or peace pagoda is located at the right side of Dhauli hills just after crossing Daya River Bridge. Now it bears the symbols of Buddhism with the universal symbol of Lord Buddha, the sculpted elephant topping the rock edict.

Nandankanan Zoological Park was constructed by Orissa state government in 1960 but it was opened for public in 1979. It covers an area of 990 acres and a botanical garden, Chandaka forest, and a big lake named Kanjia Lake placed adjacent to the zoo. This zoological garden 9 km from Bhubaneswar. The total number of animals in this zoo is 151, of which 49 species are mammals, 75 are birds, 36 species are fish and 27 are reptiles. Some of the most well known species of Nandankanan are crocodiles, pangolins, mouse deer, Sambars, panthers, blackbucks, hill mynas, civets, storks, etc.

Mukteswar Temple in Bhubaneshwar dates back to the 10th century and stands as a significant transition point between the early and the later phases of the Kalinga School of temple architecture. Of these temples Mukteswar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is considered to be one of the crowning glories of the Orissan architecture. It features exquisite carved details and lavish sculptures. The intricate carvings showcase a unique blend of Buddhist, Jain and Hindu styles. The elaborately ornate stone arch at the entrance is the proud reminiscence of Buddhist influence in Orissa and indeed a true example of architectural marvel.

Rajarani Temple is believed to have been known originally as Indreswara. It is locally known as a "love temple" because of the erotic carvings of women and couples in the temple. Rajarani Temple is built in the pancharatha style on a raised platform with two structures: a central shrine called the vimana (sanctum) with a bada (curvilinear spire) over its roof rising to a height of 18 m (59 ft), and a viewing hall called jagamohana with a pyramidal roof. The temple was constructed of dull red and yellow sandstone locally called "Rajarani". The mojor attraction of the temple consists of the elaborately carved figurines.



  •   Web-based conference on August 27-28, 2020